It was laid out with clearly defined zones for administrative and ceremonial functions, elite compoundsresidential neighbourhoods, and even suburbs—all with similar orientation on the cardinal directions. On of the most interesting discoveries made during excavations was that of a small ridge top mound referred to as Mound The seat of governance for Cahokia, Monks Mound is believed to have housed a building some feet Cahokia mounds, nearly 50 feet 15 metres wide, and 50 feet tall.
Unlike the other Native American tribes, the Natchez had distinct social classes who were governed by a ruler-priest known as the Great Sunwho was regarded as the representative of the Sun on Earth and was treated with godlike reverence by the members of his tribe.
Cahokia became centrally located for trading Indian goods and furs, and grew to about 3, inhabitants, as well as a thriving business district with 24 brothels. Thought to have been constructed four different times, each building took nearly 20, logs.
Here, archeologists found the bodies of nearly people, mostly Cahokia mounds women believed to have been sacrificial victims. Excavation on the top of Cahokia mounds Mound has revealed evidence of a large building, likely a temple or the residence of the paramount chiefwhich would have been seen throughout the city.
Clairthe first territorial governor. Materials excavated at the site indicate that the city traded with peoples from as far away as the Gulf of Mexicothe Appalachians, the Great Lakesand the Rocky Mountains.
The city was slowly abandoned, and its occupants moved to the east, south, and west, where they were most likely assimilated by other Native American groups.
The name Cahokia is that of a unrelated tribe that was living in the area when the first French explorers arrived in the late 17th century. Analysis of sediment from beneath Horseshoe Lake has revealed that two major floods occurred in the period of settlement at Cahokia, in roughly — and — The game was played by rolling a disc-shaped chunky stone across the field.
Four large plazas were established to the east, west, north, and south of Monks Mound. Although this mixed agricultural strategy was successful for dispersed populations in the region, it ultimately proved unsuitable for the much denser population at Cahokia.
It maintained trade links with communities as far away as the Great Lakes to the north and the Gulf Coast to the south, trading in such exotic items as copper, Mill Creek chert and whelk shells.
In the early 21st century, new residential areas were found to the west of Cahokia as a result of archeological excavations, increasing estimates of area population. In the late s, Cahokia annexed some population and territory, increasing its population by more than 15, in The city site reached its peak in the 13th century and was abandoned centuries before European contact.
The Cahokia Native Americans of the Illini did not coalesce as a tribe and live in the Illinois area until nearly the time of French contact years ago. Monks Mound An illustration of Monks Mound showing it with fanciful proportions Incised sandstone tablet of a Birdman found in during excavations into the east side of Monks Mound Monks Mound is the largest structure and central focus of the city: Although some evidence exists of occupation during the Late Archaic period around BCE in and around the site,  Cahokia as it is now defined was settled around CE during the Late Woodland period.
Although this mixed agricultural strategy was successful for dispersed populations in the region, it ultimately proved unsuitable for the much denser population at Cahokia. Mill Creek chert, most notably, was used in the production of hoes, a high demand tool for farmers around Cahokia and other Mississippian centers.
Archaeologists have studied Cahokia since the late 19th century, but only a tiny percentage of the site has been excavated. Diseases transmitted among the large, dense urban population are another possible cause of decline.
To date, mounds have been located, 68 of which are in the park area.Oct 31, · Our open-close schedule for the Interpretive Center does change periodically, depending on budget and staffing. Currently we are now open 6 days a week, closed on Mondays/5().
Cahokia and its Woodhenge. Cahokia Mounds State Historical Site in Illinois is the site of the largest prehistoric Native American city north of Mexico.
The city covered six square miles of settlement and may have been inhabited by as many as 20, people sometime between and Cahokia Mounds, archaeological site occupying some 5 square miles (13 square km) on the Mississippi River floodplain opposite St. Louis, Missouri, near Cahokia and Collinsville, southwestern Illinois, dominicgaudious.net site originally consisted of about mounds spread over 6 square miles (16 square km), but some of the mounds and other ancient features have been destroyed.
Of the 70 mounds and earthworks on site at Cahokia Mounds, the following are the most celebrated: Monks Mound: Monks Mound is the largest structure at Cahokia Mounds and covers more than 14 acres at its dominicgaudious.net was home to the governing chief and was also the site of important ceremonies.
Preserving the remains of an ancient Native American city near Collinsville, Illinois, the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site is across the Mississippi River from St. Louis, dominicgaudious.netng more than 2, acres, Cahokia is the most sophisticated prehistoric Native civilization north of Mexico.
Cahokia is a village in St. Clair County, Illinois, United dominicgaudious.net is located east of the Mississippi River in the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area. As of the census, 15, people lived in the village, a decline from 16, in The name refers to one of the clans of the historic Illini confederacy, who met early French explorers to the region.Download